Odisha Static GK: General knowledge of Odisha & Odisha GK MCQ questions for SSC,OPSC,OSSC|Competative Exams|Edukosal

Know Regarding Odisha : Basic information about Odisha GK for Competitive exams              

Odisha is known as Utkala, from the ancient time of history. the name "Utkala" also mention in the JANA GANA MANA national song of India. Odisha state presently situated in eastern of India.
Odisha got independence in1st April. 1936. the people of Odisha celebrate as  Odisha Day (Odiaଓଡ଼ିଶା ଦିବସ), also Odisha Divas and Utkala Dibasa.  

The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia,
Odia is the sixth Indian language, to be determined as a Classical language in India.
The official language of Odisha is "Odia".people of Odisha also free to talk Hindi, English, Bengali, Telugu.

The Tribes of Odisha speak Mother's language Odia with their won Tribal regional Languages (Santali, Kosli, Desia, Sora, Ho, Gondi).

Map of Odisha :-

                                                               (Orissa Map /Odisha Map) 

Creation of the state;-1st April 1936
Boundaries:- West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh.
  Area:-155,707 km.
 Popultion:- 41,947,218 (census data).

Government of Odisha: 

First chief minister :- Harekrushna Mahatab.

*Present Chief Minister of Odisha:- Naveen Patnaik .

Biju Janata Dal is the Most active Political party in the Odisha Politics. The majority of assembly seats Occupied by BJD In Odish Bidhan Sabha. 

First governor of Odisha:- Sir John Austen Hubback 

Present Governor of Odisha:- Raghubar Das.

5T Chairman  of Odisha - VK Pandian

Note: Governers Appointed by President.

  Governor is the "Chancellor" of State University. 
 The chief minister and other state ministers appointed by Governor.

Assembly:- Odisha Legislative assembly (Vidhan Sabha),in Bhubaneswar.

*Total no of Seat:-147 (Elected MLA's).

*Lok Sabha:- 21 Seats( Elected MPs).

Rajyasabha Member from Odisha:- 10 (Nominated & Elected MPs from Sports, art, literature, Social service).

Note: Odisha is the first state to Enact the Lokayukta bill in 2014, after Central law pass in parliament. 

* Capital Of Odisha shifts from Cuttack to Bhubaneswar in the year of 1949.

Courts in Odisha Under Jurisdiction:- 

 In Odisha One high Court and 30 district Court.

Orissa high court:- Cuttack 
First Chief justice of Odisha:- Bira Kishore Ray.
Present Chief justice of Odisha:-Mohammad Raqif,2020

Note:- Chief justice of High courts appointed by President and takes Oath by Governor of the state.


Protocol is the set of rules governs by  the Government of Odisha, The Separation of power is keeping with Constitutional Law. The Order of Precedence is the functional hierarchy for the Higher dignitaries and officials are Listed according to their rank. 

1.Hon'ble Governor of Odisha
2.Hon'ble Cheif Minister of Odisha
3.Recipient of Bharat Ratna
4.Hon'ble Cheif justice of Odisha
5.Lokpal of Odisha
6.Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly.
7.Cabinet Ministers of Odisha
8.Leader of Opposition
9.Ex. Cheifminister of Odisha 

District & Administration In Odisha :

District:- 30.
Note:- District is governed by Collector. (IAS).
Subdivision:- 58 
Note: administrated by  Sub Collector. (IAS)
Tahasils;- 317
Blocks:- 314
Note: Administrated by Tehsildar. (State PSC exam )
Village:- 53845
Gram panchayats:- 6798
Municipalities in Odisha:- 34 
NAC (Notified Area councils:- 67

Municipal Corporation /Nagar Palika of Odisha:- 05.
Note: The Mayor governs the Nagar Palika.(Election Poll ).
      Muncipal commissionor:- IAS 
  • Berhampur Municipal Corporation
  • Bhubaneswar Municipal corporation
  • Cuttack Municipal Corporation 
  • Rourkela Municipal corporation
  • Sambalpur Muncipal corporation 

State symbols of Odisha :


 Identify symbol




Bande utkala janani





Blue jay (Indian roller)




Sambar deer 





fig (Banyan)





Salt water crocodile





     Ashoka tree flower


Important City Of Odisha famous for: 



  Famous for

  1    Cuttack(Millenium city)

Silver Filigree works
  2 Berhampur (silk city)

Berhampuri silk share
  3 Sambalpur

Sambalpuri handloom,Koshli Folk art & dance
  4 Bhubaneswar(Temple city)

 Ancient heritage,white tiger
  5 Bripada

 Bangripori "tusser" fabric
  6 Puri(Sri Khetra)

RathYatra,Jagganath temple,Sea Beach
  7 Rourkela(Industry capital)

Indo German-Steel plant
  8 Konark Suntemple(Chriotwith 12 Pairs),Chandrabhaga Beach

  9 Chilka (Lake)

Brakish water lagoon,Migratory birds,Dolphins,Islands
10 Balasore

Chandipur beach(Hide and Seek Sea)
11 Hirakud

Hirakud DAM(Longest Dam in world)
12 Bargarh

Dhanu yatra(largest open air theater in world)
13 Gopalpur

Sea beach (Olive Ridley Sea Turtule)
14 Pipili

Applique Handicrafts,Colourful fabrics
15 Kalahandi Archaelogical Evidence of Stone age,Niyamgiri hills

16 Bolangir

Cultural heritage(Hrisankar temple)
17 Paradeep(Seaport City) 

Pristie Beach (Ghirmatha Beach,Marine museum)
18 Keojhar 

green valley,rolling hills ,Wterfalls
19 Dhenkanal

Manmade architecture,temples(Kapilash,Joranda)
20 Kendrapara

Famous festival- Kali puja, Bhitarkanka National Park
21 Koraput(Tribal belt)

Sabara srikhetra,Dongar festival-Parab
22 Sudargarh(Tribal belt)

Mineralmap(Iron,lime stone,manganese)
23 Sunabeda(Industrial city)

 Hindustan aeronauts limited
24 Angul(Industrial city)

25 Talcher

NTPC(Thermal Power Plant)
26 Bhadrak

Godess bhadrakali,Sri biranchi narayan temple 
27 Kandhamal

Daringbadi(Kashmir of Odisha)
28 Rayagada(Tribal belt) 

Hanging bridge,Majhi ghariani temple

 Important Industry  in Odisha and its Abbreviation :

The industry and Some important Organisations are also known as Odisha's Backbone, (Economy of  Odisha/ Odisha Economy). The economy and development of the state and Nations depend on these industries of  Both the Public sector and Service sector. In most of the Competitive exams OPSC/ASO/CDS/OSSC/PSU Questions Asked in Both Written and Personality test (interview), Question asked from the Economy and productions of the state. So, The name of the industry and its function are very important to know from the exam's point of view. Odisha Economy and Growth status always reported in Odisha Economy survey. The Odisha Economy Questions and Answer Mostly asked in OPSC exams ,Statistical Officer exams.

  • List of Industry in Odisha of both Public & Govt Sectors  

• HAL - Hindustan Aeronautical Limited.

• SAIL-Steel Authority of India Limited.

• DRDO- Defence Research Development Organisation.

 • NALCO - National Aluminum Company Limited

• HINDALCO -Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited (Aditya Birla) 

• MCL- Mahanadi Coalfield Limited.

• OPTCL- Odisha Power  Transmission Corporation Limited.

• OPHC- Odisha Hydro Power Corporation 

• OPGC- Odisha Power Generation Corporation Limited. 

• OMCL- Odisha Mining Corporation Limited.

• GRIDCO- Grid Corporation of Odisha

• OCPL-Odisha Coal and Power Limited.

• NTPC - National Thermal Power Corporation    Limited.

WESCO- Western electricity supply Company of Odisha.

APICOL- Agricultural Promotion and Investment Corporation of Odisha Limited.(Bhubaneswar)

OFDC- Odisha Flim development Corporation (Cuttack)

IDCO- Industrial Infrastructure  Development Corporation, Odisha (Bhubaneswar) 

BCL - Bargarh Cement Limited(Bargarh, Odisha)

RSP- Rourkela Steel Plant(Rourkela, Odisha run by SAIL).

OSWC- Odisha state warehousing Corporation. 

• POSCO INDIA - Posco India PVT ltd (Korean steel giant signed MoU with Odisha for steel plant).

PPL - Paradeep Phosphates Limited. (produce fertilizer undertaking By PSU Govt of India).

OSCSC - Odisha state civil supplies corporation Ltd ( Supply food & Paddy direct from farmer to Odisha Government). 

FALCON MARINE EXPORT LIMITED - Exports Seafood from Odisha widely in many foreign countries (USA, UK, CANADA, GERMANY).

Key points to remember:

Best things about Odisha - Why Odisha is famous in the world?

We all know about the Odisha state in India. Odisha is the most popular state in  
India, for its culture, Foods, and Diversity.
Mostly questions asked in the Odisha exams (SSC/OSSC/OSSSC/ASO/ACTO) from the Odisha GK&GS Section. Also Download Odisha Gk Pdf Previous year Question paper from Odisha Govt exams site. Most important things always give more importance in the personal interview of govt jobs that, tell something about your state and locality. Here gives focus on the more important aspects of Odisha's state. why Odisha Famous in the India & World? here describe some of the most important Information about Odisha state.

The specialty of Odisha for its culture and heritage. Odisha traditions and diversity always a point of attraction at the national and international level of the world.

✓ Puri Rath Yatra, Odisha -Famous over all the world.
Hirakud Dam-Longest Dam in the world, Mahanadi river.
    KISS (Kalinga Institute Of Social sciences)-First Tribal university in the world.
Leaning temple Huma,in Sambalpur, Odisha is one of only two Leaning temples in the world.
Chilka Lake-Brackish lagoon,(Saline)-UNESCO World Heritage Centre for wildlife.
✓ World heritage Site- KONARK Sun Temple.
Olive Ridley Sea turtle, Gahirmatha beach, Odisha-Listed in IUCN RED DATA BOOK "Vulnerable" species. 

*  Asia's largest open Air trade fair- Cuttack Balijatra Festival.

 * world's largest open Air theater  - Dhaujatra Festival.


Famous food of Odisha(Kaiba)GK: Odisha food name

In Odisha state different regions contain a  variety of food,Here the popular Odia food and Cuisine which always gets in households, streets Food , different Festival of Odisha (Balijatra, Adivasi Mela), Some places and Restaurants in famous locations like Puri, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Chilka taste the Odisha Foods. Here also some Famous Odia Food gets Many Food festival award in india and Abroad.

Dahibara Aloo dum of cuttuck winNational Street Food Festival held in New Delhi.(Jan 2020).
*Famous Food of Odisha list

Here Some important food list in Districts of Odisha,Odisha foods popularity changes in every region ,With different name and Taste.

Pakhala Bhata - Its a main food of odisha people

•Chena Poda, Rasaogolla - Cuttack, bhubaneswar (Famous sweet of Odisha ).

'Odisha Rasagola' Got the GI tag by chennai for the variety of Rasagola. Pahala Rasagola is popularly known as "Odia rasagola"

*GI stands for -Geographical Indication status, is based on Origin (city, Region, Country), GI tag 

Only Two Food items from the Odisha Got the GI status popularly the worldwide 

• Kandhamal Haladi- Local turmeric of Kandhamal. 
• Odisha rasagola 

For More information visit : 

• Sarsatia - Sambalpur 

•Dahibara Aludum - Cuttack, bhubaneswar

•Mansha muddhi - Mayurbhanj, Baripada

•Chaula Bara - Bargarh 

• Rasabali -Kendrapada 

•Bamboo shot (kardi) - Nuapada, Kalahandi

• Pickels, pampad -Ganjam

•Mandia, Jau, Manda pitha - Koraput 

•Chingudi Malai - Jagatsinghpur 

• Shukua - Malkangiri 

•poda pitha, Arisha pitha - Kalahandi 

•Mahaprashad(ABADHAA), KHAJA, Dalma - Puri 

• Chhena Jhili - Nimapada 

•Chilka Chingudi, Crab Masala- Chilka

• Masla Upma,Chattu rai,Kadali Manjara rai  -Rayagada

•Badi- Keonjhar 

•Chhena Gajja - Balasore   

•Bhadrak - Chena mudki 

•Chingudi kasa, Macha besara- Jajpur 

•Bara- Dhenkanal 

•Khatta chatni, alu potal rasa - Gajapati 

•Sonepur - Chaka pitha 

•Kora khai, Rabidi lassi, Bamboo chicken -Khorda(Bhubaneswar)

•Chhena poda-Nayagarh

Also, Know Interesting Facts about Odisha List (Popular in Odisha)

*Golden Triangle of Odisha - Puri, Konark, Bhubaneswar 

* Dimond Tringle of Odisha - Ratnagiri, Lalitgiri, Udayagiri 

* Black Pagoda - Konark sun temple, Konark
* White Pagoda - Jagannath Temple, puri

*Peace Pagoda of Odisha - Dhauligiri Santi stupa (Dhauli, Bhubaneswar )

* Kashmir of Odisha - Daringbadi,Kandhamal 

* Kailash of Odisha - Kapilash 

* Ganga of Odisha - Mahanadi river 

* Sorrow of Odisha - Mahanadi river

The most important question from Odisha's history, History of  Odisha GK Mcqs, are important subjects mostly asked in the OPSC/OSSC/ASO exams. the Odisha Static Gk emphasizes all of the important aspects and Major focused points here. For Odisha GK, Also follow Odisha Best GK Books, in this article also get important Odisha GK questions and Answer MCQ Pdf for Odisha exams2021.so Don't require to study any Odisha GK book, here the above Odisha static GK, Cover all-important point regarding Odisha exams, Which will benefits you and save your time for preparation of any Odisha exams. Also updates with new Odisha Current affairs news for Odisha competitive exams. 

Most important History of Odisha GK MCQ Question & Answer: 

1.Who was the founder of Gajapati dynasty in Odisha ? 

a) Mukunda Deva 
b)Purusotam Deva
c)Pratap rudra Deva
d)Kapilendra Deva 

Answer: D  

2. Who was the Founder of Bhoi Dynasty  in Odisha? 

b)Govind vidyadhar
c)Janardhan Vidyadhar
d)Chakra pratap

Answer: B 

3)The Lingraj Temple at Bhubaneswar Constructed by which dynasty? 

a)Ganga Dynasty
b)Nanda Dynasty
c)Somavamsi Dynasty
d)Mourya Dynasty

Answer: C 

3. Who Built the Lingaraj temple

a)Jajati I
b)Jajati II
d)Chodaganga dev

Answer : A

5.Jagannath puri temple is located in which state?

c)West Bengal 

Jagannath Puri temple is Located in Odisha. 

6. When was the Odisha High court founded in Cuttack

a) 1948 

b) 1950 



Ans: A 

7. Who built the Cuttack Barbati fort of Odisha?

a)Jajati Kesari 

b)Bikram Kesari 

c)Chola ganga Dev 

d)Ananga Bhima Dev 

ANS : D 

8. Which is the longest Chariot of Odisha?





9. Which place has the Lowest rainfall in Odisha





10.Indias first fire park present in which state ?

a) Odisha 

b) Chattisgarh

c)West Bengal 

d) Jharkhand 

Q. Which is the Popular Harvesting festival in Odisha ? 

Ans : Nuakhai 

Q. Which is the big Famous festival in Odisha ?

Ans :Puri rath yatra 

15. In which year "Odisha rasogolla" awarded GI Tag ? 

Ans : 2017 

Fair & Festival Associated with Places in Odisha 

1. Bali yatra - Cuttack 

2. Dhanu Yatra - Bargarh 

3. Hingula Yatra - Talcher 

4.Thakurani Yatra - Berhampur 

5.Vairab Yatra - Boriguma 

6.Magha Purnima - Kantilo 

7.Jorandamela - Joranda 

8.Gajalaxmi puja - Dhenkanal 

9.Nuakhai - Sambalpur,Bolangir 

10. Koshalo yatra - angul 

11. Jhulan yatra - Puri,Balasore

12.Chandan yatra - Puri, Bhubaneswar,Balasore

13.Makara mela - Keonjhar,baripada,Thakur munda 

14.Triveni mela - Banmalipur 

Important Cities Situated on the Major River banks of Odisha  

City                       River  

1. Cuttack -            Mahanadi 

2. Bhubaneswar -   Daya

3. Bargarh -            Jira 

4. Nawarangapur - Indravati 

5.Jharsuguda-         Ib 

6.Rourkela-                Sankh,Koli 

7.Bhadrak -                Salandi 

8. Jajpur -                   Baitarani 

9. Baripada -              Balanga 

10. Balasore -            Budhabalanga 

11.Sambalpur -          Mahanadi 

12. Gunpur -              Bansadhara    

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